Nij Cultivation: Friends, I am going to give you answers to many questions regarding Nij cultivation through this article. In this article, I will give information about what is Nij cultivation, Nij cultivation meaning, etc. You must have read about NIJ cultivation in class 8 as well. So without wasting any time, in this post, I will tell you about Nij cultivation in detail.
What is Nij Cultivation
Nij Kheti is related to indigo cultivation, it is also called the Nij system. In Nij Cultivation, mainly the planters used to cultivate indigo by taking land on rent. Under the Nij System or Nij Cultivation, the farmer needed a large number of laborers. Farmers used to hire laborers for the cultivation of indigo, but for all of that, bullocks and plows were required in large quantities, due to which Nij Cultivation proved to be a very expensive method of Cultivation.
At that time two plows and oxen were required for at least one bigha of land. In such a situation, this system of Cultivation proved to be a failure. Another major reason behind the failure of the Nij system is that at the same time, rice cultivation was also done, due to which it was very expensive to hire a large number of laborers.
History of Indigo Cultivation via Nij System
Friends, the history of indigo cultivation in India is very old. Indigo has been used in every household in India for long. In fact, it is mainly used in India to hide stains on clothes. It is used even today in most rural areas. Indigo cultivation was first started in India from Bengal. Its cultivation started increasing after the arrival of the British in India. But the Indian farmers did not want to cultivate indigo because it caused them a lot of loss.
Indigo was in high demand in Europe. And for this reason, the British used to force Indian farmers to cultivate indigo. Tell you that the land on which indigo is cultivated, that land becomes barren and this is also a big reason for the farmers to refuse to cultivate indigo.
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Farmers were exploited by indigo cultivation
As I told you that there was no benefit to the farmers from the cultivation of indigo. Also, the interest rate was very high. Farmers were forced to sell indigo at a very low price. Both the landlords and the British used to exploit the farmers. An act of 1833 worsened the condition of the farmers. In fact, under this act, the plantation owner was given a free hand to deal with the farmers. But it is said that there is a limit to exploitation. A time came when the farmers revolted. Yes, in 1859 in Bengal, the farmers who cultivated indigo rebelled and did not cultivate indigo for 1 year.
So friends, through this article I have told you in detail about my Cultivation. Along with this, I have told you in detail about the history of indigo cultivation, which is related to its own Cultivation system. How did you like this information about Nij Cultivation, do tell through the comment. And don’t forget to share this post as much as possible. On this blog, you get information related to agriculture and business, so if you want to join us, then definitely follow us on Google News.
What is NIJ cultivation?
Ans: NIJ is the system of cultivation under which indigo was cultivated. The planters used to cultivate the land on which they had direct possession or used to cultivate indigo by taking it on rent from some landlord. In NIJ cultivation, a lot of farmer labor was required, due to which the profit of the farmer was less and the loss was more.