GST in India: GST stands for Goods and Services Tax. The Goods and Services Tax (GST), which came into effect on July 1, 2017, is now the primary indirect tax in India, replacing various other indirect taxes such as excise duty, VAT, and services tax. 

To put it differently, the supply of products and services is liable to the Goods and Services Tax (GST). In India, the Goods and Services Tax Law is a tax applied at every stage of production and distribution based on the destination of the goods and services and calculated on the value added.

GST in India
GST in India

Under the GST scheme, tax is levied at every stage of the sale. Sales made within a state are subject to both Central GST and State GST, while sales made between different states are subject to the Integrated GST.

Let us now look more closely at the above-mentioned Goods and Services Tax definition.


An object passes through many hands throughout its supply chain, beginning with production and ending with the ultimate sale to the customer.

Consider the phases listed below:

  • Acquisition of raw materials
  • Manufacturing or production
  • Storage of completed items
  • Selling to distributors
  • Product distribution to retailers
  • Selling to the general public

Also, Read E-commerce Business Ideas In India

Enhancement of Value

Flour, sugar, and other ingredients are acquired by a biscuit manufacturer. The combination and baking of flour and sugar into biscuits results in an increase in the value of the ingredients.

The maker then sells these biscuits to a warehousing agency, which packs and labels vast numbers of biscuits in cartons. This adds another layer of value to the biscuits. The warehouse agency then sells it to the store.

The store packages the biscuits in lesser numbers and spends on their promotion, enhancing their worth. The application of GST pertains to the incremental monetary value that is added at each stage of the process until the final sale to the end consumer.


Take the case of items created in Maharashtra and sold to a final customer in Karnataka. As the Goods and Services Tax is levied upon consumption, all tax revenue will be directed towards Karnataka instead of Maharashtra.

2. The GST Trip In India

The GST journey started in 2000 when a committee was formed to develop legislation. It took 17 years for the Legislation to develop after that. The GST Bill was approved in the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha in 2017. The GST Legislation went into effect on July 1, 2017.

3. GST Objectives

To realize the ‘One Country, One Tax’ idea

GST has replaced a number of indirect levies that existed under the previous tax structure. A single tax has the advantage of ensuring that a specific product or service is subject to a uniform rate across all states. Tax administration is simplified since the Central Government sets the rates and rules.

To absorb the bulk of India’s indirect taxes

Formerly, India had different indirect taxes such as service tax, Value Added Tax (VAT), Central Excise, and so on, which were imposed at various supply chain levels. Certain taxes were regulated by the states, while others were handled by the Centre. There was no centralized and uniform tax on both products and services. As a result, GST was implemented.

To eliminate the tax cascading effect

One of the key goals of GST was to eliminate the tax cascading effect. Formerly, taxpayers could not set off tax credits from one tax against tax credits from another owing to various indirect tax legislation. For example, excise charges paid during manufacturing could not be deducted from VAT due during the sale. This resulted in a taxation cascade.

To reduce tax evasion

GST regulations in India are significantly more rigorous than any previous indirect tax legislation. Only invoices filed by their individual suppliers are eligible for an input tax credit under GST. This reduces the possibility of collecting input tax credits on forged invoices. The goal has been reinforced by the implementation of e-invoicing.

To broaden the taxable base

GST has aided in broadening India’s tax base. Traditionally, each tax statute had a distinct registration level depending on turnover. Since GST is a combined tax applied on both commodities and services, the number of tax-registered firms has expanded.

Also, Read Bee Farming In India Full Guide

Online methods that make conducting business easier

Traditionally, taxpayers faced several difficulties while interacting with various tax agencies under each tax code. Moreover, although return filing was done online, the majority of the evaluation and refund processes were done offline. Tax processes are now nearly fully completed online. From registration to return filing to refunds to e-way bill production, everything is done with the push of a mouse.

A more efficient logistics and distribution system

Eliminating the need for multiple types of paperwork for providing products, a unified indirect tax system simplifies the process. GST offers several advantages, including reducing transportation cycle times, improving supply chain and turnaround times, and facilitating the consolidation of warehouses.

To encourage competitive pricing and consumption

The implementation of GST has also resulted in a rise in consumption and indirect tax collections. Because of the former regime’s tax cascading effect, the prices of items in India were higher than in worldwide markets. Even across states, lower VAT rates in certain states resulted in a buying imbalance in these areas.

Also, Read 12 Unique Business Ideas List 2023 | Business Sense

4. GST Benefits

The cascading impact of Tax on the sale of goods and services has mostly been eliminated. The removal of the cascading effect has had an influence on the cost of items. Since the GST system removes the tax on tax, the price of products falls.

Moreover, GST is mostly driven by technology. To expedite the procedures, it is mandatory to carry out all tasks such as registration, filing of returns, applying for refunds, and responding to notices through the GST website.

1. Eliminating the tax cascading effect

2. Increased GST registration threshold 3. Composition scheme for all enterprises

4. Improved logistical efficiency

5. Controlling the unorganized sector

Also, Read Farm Management | Strategies, Market Risk

One thought on “Goods and Services Tax (GST) | GST in India”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *